How to write an introduction to a thesis
Despite the variety of types of final qualifying work: they can be theoretical, empirical, mixed, project-based, the introduction for a diploma is always written according to a single template. Specific adjustments to the introductory part are made in accordance with the specifics of the subject matter, the requirements of a particular university and the graduating department.
The structure of the introduction of the thesisSpecial requirementsExample introduction for a diplomaRelated VideosComments
The structure of the introduction of the thesis
Writing an introduction for a diploma is subordinated to several tasks at once: to substantiate the relevance of the problem studied during the research; to present the object and subject of consideration; indicate the main goal of the work and outline a step-by-step program of research actions taken to achieve it (in other words, formulate the tasks); analyze thematic literature and suggest ways to solve the identified problem.
Therefore, the introduction to the diploma consists of standard blocks that reveal:
The relevance of research;problems arising from the topic;general object and private subject;analysis of sources;hypothesis;goal and tasks;methods. what is a hero essay introduction
In which sequence the elements should be located, it is better to clarify in the methodological instructions of the department: they necessarily contain a sample of the introduction of a diploma and general recommendations for the design of each part of the work.
Some components (most often – a hypothesis) can be excluded from this set, and, conversely, it may be necessary to add a paragraph describing the novelty of the study, its practical significance or the level of knowledge of the problem, therefore there is no exact generally accepted standard for the volume of the introductory part – it is set only approximately. within no more than 10% of the entire text. The size of the introduction to the diploma also depends on the specifics of the scientific field. For example, for diploma theses in technical specialties, usually two or three paragraphs are enough to characterize the degree of development of the topic, and for the WRC of historians, literary scholars or philosophers in the introduction of the diploma, it may be necessary to review the works of predecessors, taking 5-6 pages, if the university does not require him a separate chapter in the main part.
To correctly write the introduction for a diploma, it is imperative to analyze the sources of research. Usually it comes down to a short (5–15 sentences) summary of the developments of other authors already available in science and to the conclusion that the subject is not sufficiently studied or that it is necessary to approach the problem using modern methodologies.
If the requirements of the department (as a rule, this applies to disciplines related to economics, marketing, sociology) include a detailed analysis, then it first includes a block considering the sources of primary information, which are divided into external and internal. A review of scientific research is then written separately. Assessment of materials within groups is carried out chronologically.
The introduction to the diploma should not contain direct quotes from the main part and detailed background information: definitions, detailed characteristics of the research object, etc.
Example introduction for a diploma
Although a short preamble precedes the description of the study, and the conclusions in the conclusion are made in accordance with the tasks set in it, it is not worth starting writing the diploma with the introductory chapter, so as not to end up redoing everything again. The introduction to the diploma is directly related to the main part, and in the course of work a lot can change: starting with a hypothesis or a subject, ending with the exact formulation of the topic.
Author: Victoria Sheikh Khalil.